Everyone has had a cut or two at some point. Usually, it’s no big deal. You simply clean it and put a band-aid on. In a few weeks, it’s like it never happened. However, some wounds are more serious than this, requiring more attention for the wound to heal properly. A wound is a break in the skin caused by anything, from a surgical incision to an injury. While some wounds can heal quickly and easily on their own, others are the opposite. Fortunately though, taking care of a serious wound at home doesn’t have to be stressful. You can get assistance with your recovery thanks to professional wound care at home services provided for by professionals known as wound care nurses.
Wound Care Nurses
Home health care providers aim to offer patients flexibility on their journey to recovery. One way they do this is through providing wound care for patients permitted for home care by their doctors.
Certified wound care nurses are specialized in the treatment and care of complex wounds, making them ideal for wound care at home. Yes, family may be able to help, but wounds like those acquired from surgery need to be treated by professionals, as their complex nature can make them a bit tricky to manage.
As a home-based patient, your wound care nurse will assess, treat and create plans of care that will enable you to heal efficiently.
Assessments are done before starting patient care. Assessments don’t only look at the wound itself, but take on a holistic view of the patient’s circumstances. Factors like wound characteristics, as well as the kind of family support available to the patient, are considered.
This ensures that the care plan fully compliments the patient’s unique situation. Even though wounds can be similar, every patient has their own journey to recovery and home care nurses understand this.
Wound care at home is a collaborative effort that includes a team of healthcare providers all working together to care for a patient.
Types of Wounds
Open and Closed Wounds
Wounds can either be open or closed. Open wounds are characterized by exposed body tissue due to a break in the skin while closed wounds occur underneath the surface of the skin (for instance, bruises), meaning the underlying body tissue remains unexposed.
Open wounds are more complex and need to be handled carefully to avoid any complications that may hamper the wound’s healing process.
Chronic wounds – as their name suggests – are wounds that take a longer than usual time to heal, especially compared to acute wounds, which are quick to heal. Since chronic wounds take a lengthy period of time to heal, they require skilled intervention to be treated.
Causes of chronic wounds include:
- Reopened surgical wounds
- Pressure ulcers – caused by broken-down skin from excessive pressure in a bony area
- Arterial/venous ulcers – caused by poor blood circulation, resulting in leg or feet injuries
- Diabetic ulcers – caused by a loss of circulation as well as feeling
- Sharp objects
Examples of chronic wounds include the following:
- Surgical incisions
- Animal bites
- Gunshot wounds
- Chemical, thermal and electrical burns
Chronic wounds often take a lot of care to heal and there’s a risk of serious infection if these wounds aren’t treated properly.
Why Is Wound Care Essential?
The importance of proper wound care cannot be stressed enough. Poor care can lead to serious complications and even infections, which can put your health at risk.
If the appropriate precautions of wound care are not followed, chances are you’ll develop an infection.
Infections are caused by an increase in bacteria in the wound and, if left untreated, wounds can become worse, which delays the healing process.
Signs of infection can include:
- Redness or swelling around the wound
- An unpleasant odor from the wound, even after it’s been cleaned
- The wound or area surrounding it feels warm
- The wound changes color
- Pus buildup in the wound
- Wound pain that’s getting worse
- Feeling nauseous and vomiting
If either you or a loved one has some of the above symptoms with a chronic wound, it’s crucial to seek out medical help as soon as possible.
Control Surgical Site Infections
A surgical site infection is an infection that develops in the part of the body where surgery was performed. Site infections can either only involve the skin or can be more serious, affecting the tissues underneath the skin such as your organs and even implanted material.
Minimize Risk of Sepsis
Sepsis – also known as blood poisoning – is a blood infection caused by bacteria. Because the infection is in the blood, it can spread throughout the body, making it very dangerous if it’s not controlled as soon as possible. Sepsis is potentially fatal and will normally lead to death if left untreated.
Avoid Septic Shock
Sepsis that is left untreated evolves into what’s known as septic shock, a life-threatening condition that needs to be attended to immediately. Approximately half of all patients who develop septic shock die.
Facilitate Speedy Healing
Efficient wound care is directly linked to a faster healing process. So, if you neglect your wound, it will take longer to heal, delaying your recovery and leaving you vulnerable to complications.
A good care plan can help to reduce scarring as the wound heals. Knowing what to do and what not to do can go a long way in minimizing scars during the healing process.
Benefits of Professional Wound Care At Home
Some wounds are more complicated than others. Sometimes, a patient or their caregiver might not have the expertise to adequately care for the wound.
Yes, family may be able to help, but difficult wounds like those acquired from surgery need to be treated by someone who knows what they’re doing. This is why wound care nurses are so beneficial for patients recovering at home.
Hospital Quality Care at Home
Wound care nurses are highly skilled, making them super reliable in delivering the best care to their patients. This affords patients the ability to still enjoy the highest standard of quality care even at home.
Reduced Risk of Readmission
Having a professional assist helps to minimize any risks of infection that you might otherwise become exposed to. Wound care nurses involved in your healing process can significantly reduce the risks of any wound-related complications, which reduces the risk of readmission to the hospital.
People living with diabetes usually have to deal with wounds that don’t heal completely or that take a long time to heal. This leaves them at higher risks of getting infections and developing other complications.
Professional wound care at home is very beneficial for diabetic patients. Nurses can ensure that the right precautions are adhered to and appropriate care is taken in treating the wound. Furthermore, they can help patients manage their healing in conjunction with their condition (not just diabetes) in the best possible way.
Wound Care Nurse Services
Wound care nurses offer a multifaceted service to their patients. The following are things wound care nurses can assist with:
- Changing the dressing
- Treating wounds that are not healing as they should
- Helping the patient with pain management
- Advising patients on a suitable diet plan and lifestyle to assist wound healing
Dietary advice can be especially helpful for slow-healing wounds in diabetic patients. Wound care nurses can provide an all-round service to their patients. Nurses also provide education to patients and their families on wound care and techniques, along with ways to prevent complications.
Something to Consider
With all the benefits and convenience that it brings, you can rest assured that professional wound care at home is certainly something that will help you enjoy a smoother recovery process.
Wound care can be a lengthy and complicated process, which is why it’s so important that it’s done properly.
Re-admittance to hospital due to complications from a poorly managed wound must be avoided. While many wounds are easily manageable without the aid of a professional, more challenging wounds can heal better with the help of a qualified home care nurse.